Wednesday December 08, 2021

Life expectancy of girls rises, boys slides in 2020

Published : 25 Oct 2021, 01:08

  DF Report

File Photo: Visit Finland by Mikko Huotari.

The life expectancy at birth was 79 years for boys and 84.6 years for girls in 2020, according to Statistics of Finland.

Compared to 2019, the life expectancy of boys shortened by 0.1 years and that of girls lengthened by 0.1 years. Life expectancy is an age-standardised indicator that describes the level of mortality observed during the calculation period.

In 2020, the difference between sexes in life expectancy at birth was 5.6 years. In the past 30 years, the life expectancy of newborn boys has lengthened by 8.2 years and that of girls by 5.7 years.

The difference between sexes was largest in the late 1970s when it was nine years.

The life expectancy of men aged 65 was 18.6 years and that of women aged 65 was exactly 22 years in 2020.

Compared with 1990, the life expectancy of men aged 65 has lengthened by 4.9 years and that of women by 4.3 years.

In the period 2018 to 2020, the life expectancy of newborn boys was longest in Ostrobothnia, 81.1 years, and of newborn girls in Åland, 85.9 years. In turn, the life expectancy of newborn boys was shortest in North Karelia, 77.3 years, and of newborn girls in Kymenlaakso, 83.4 years.

Men's life expectancy was shorter than that of women in all regions. In the period 2018 to 2020, the difference between sexes was biggest in North Karelia, where men’s life expectancy was 6.5 years shorter than women's.

The difference between sexes was smallest in Ostrobothnia, 4.3 years.

For women, life expectancy at birth was highest in urban municipalities and for men in semi-urban municipalities, and lowest for both in rural municipalities, when municipalities are divided by the statistical grouping of municipalities.

The life expectancy of newborn boys in urban municipalities, 79.2 years, was nearly one year longer than in rural municipalities, 78,3 years. The life expectancy of girls in urban municipalities was 84.6 years and in rural municipalities 84,2 years.

Examined by native language, there were differences in the lengths of life expectancy in the period 2018 to 2020.

The life expectancy of boys speaking Swedish as their native language was 81.1 years, which is over two years longer than the life expectancy of boys speaking Finnish as their native language, 78.8 years.

The difference for girls was similar but not as large. The life expectancy of girls speaking Swedish as their native language was 85.6 years and the life expectancy of girls speaking Finnish as their native language was a good year shorter, 84.4 years.