Monday March 27, 2023
Enhanced nutritional care for hospital patients recommended
Published : 08 Mar 2023, 00:46
Updated : 08 Mar 2023, 09:44
The National Nutrition Council (NNC) and the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) on Tuesday published a revised nutritional care recommendation with the view to enhance nutritional care and guidance as a part of the patient's comprehensive care, said THL in a press release.
The assessment of patients' nutritional status needs further improvement in Finland. Malnutrition increases the risk of complications and slows down recovery. Thus, it also increases the workload of nursing staff and extends treatment times.
Malnutrition is a risk for all hospital patients, but it affects in particular patients with long-term illnesses, those preparing for surgery, cancer patients and those recovering from severe infections and traumas.
According to several studies, screening for the risk of malnutrition and preventing malnutrition reduce the costs of treatment.
"The patient's nutritional status and risk of malnutrition should always be assessed when they enter treatment, no matter what the reason for seeking treatment. At the moment, this happens too rarely", said Ursula Schwab, Professor of Nutritional Therapy at the University of Eastern Finland.
The revised nutritional care recommendation included minimum requirements for the nutritional quality of food served to patients. In addition, vegetarian diets have been added to the basic food selection alongside a
diet containing meat.
The recommendation is intended to guide the planning and implementation of nutritional care in hospitals, care and rehabilitation institutions as well as the organisation of catering services, food procurement and competitive tendering.
"The recommendations apply to all patients, from infants to the elderly. The recommendation describes how patient nutrition should be seen to in different illnesses. For example, how do we improve the nutritional intake of a patient suffering from malnutrition, who has lost weight, and how can we improve protein intake with food or clinical nutrition supplements or what are the foods that should be served to patients who have had intestinal surgery and those who have swallowing disorders," said Schwab.
The recommendation is based on international nutritional care recommendations, evidence-based information in clinical nutrition and medicine, good treatment practices and national Current Care Guidelines.
It has been drawn up by an interprofessional expert group, which has gone through very extensive scientific literature. The recommendation’s draft was also open to the public for comments.
"The preparation of the recommendation was the most thorough work ever carried out by the National Nutrition Council for the nutrition recommendations of different population groups. It is a valuable guide for the new wellbeing services counties to use in the co-creation and quality assurance of nutritional care and hospital meals,” said Markku Tervahauta, Director General of the THL.
“The recommendation must be implemented comprehensively in all wellbeing services counties, and it must be seen to that everyone participating in patients’ care is familiar with its content and uses it in their work,” Tervahauta added.